Institute of contemporary history Slovenščina English Institute of contemporary history


The Institute of Contemporary History was established in 1959. Initially it was called Institute for the History of the Workers' Movement, in line with the political understanding of the field of contemporary history at the time. The Institute also included an archive, storing the materials of the resistance movement and occupation authorities in Slovenia from the period between 1941 and 1945. Even though at first the goal of the Institute was to study the workers' and resistance movement during World War II, the scope of its activities was expanded to studying the whole contemporary Slovenian history already as early as in the 1970s. After a decade of maturing, in the beginning of the 1970s the researchers outlined the research programmes for the exploration of the period before World War I, the interwar period, and World War II, while a few years later the programme of researching the period after World War II was also drawn up. The researchers undertook a systematic analysis of all aspects of the recent Slovenian history, from political to economic and social history. Only as late as in 1989 did the Institute manage to persuade the authorities to formally rename it as the Institute of Contemporary History, which is an appropriate name reflecting its professional work. In the transitional period after the introduction of the democratic system the Institute has changed with regard to new research policies and organisation of science. Its archive was included into the state Archive of the Republic of Slovenia in 1992. At the turn of the millennium the today's principle of the division into two research programmes was finally put in place: the first programme brings together the researchers of political and ideological history, while the second one includes experts in economic and social history. In the last decade the Institute has been a scientific research institution with approximately thirty to forty employees, of these twenty-five to thirty researchers. More than half of them have doctorates, while the younger associates are writing their doctoral theses in the context of the "junior researcher" programme. Many of them also lecture at Slovenian universities. The researchers publish the results of their work in the central Slovenian historical and other humanist and social sciences magazines, topical collections of scientific texts, as well as monographs. With their contributions they take part in numerous national and international scientific meetings and foreign magazines, especially those published in the neighbouring countries.

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